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Morphological tags

Overview

All the words are analysed with dictionary form + grammatical tags. Each tag is introduced with a "+" sign. We thus have

bijlav bijlla+N+Sg+Acc
boadáv boahtet+V+Ind+Prs+Sg1

The tag scheme follows Spiik and Nystø/Johnsen. It is not as different from North Sámi, the main differences are due to the grammatical differences between the languages in question.

Note that you have to add the part of speech twice when you use the derivational tag:

gåhtjoduvvá gåhttjot+V+Der/Pass+V+Ind+Prs+Sg3

The main parts of speech (POS) for Lule Saami are:

Nouns, adjectives, verbs, pronouns, adverbs, particles, subjunctions, conjunctions, postpositions, prepositions and interjections.

The nouns

Here is a list of the nominal tags, given in the same order as for the analysis. Note that the grammatical categories in parentheses can be omitted.

Part of speech:
Number: +Sg, +Pl
Case: +Ess +Nom +Gen +Acc +Ill +Ine +Ela +Com
(Possessive suffix:) +PxSg1 +PxSg2 +PxSg3 +PxDu1 +PxDu2 +PxDu3 +PxPl1 +PxPl2 +PxPl3
(Clitic:) +Foc

The adjectives

Used non-attributively the adjective resembles the noun:

Part of speech: +A
(Grade:) +Comp, +Superl
Number: +Sg, +Pl
Case: +Ess +Nom +Gen +Acc +Ill +Ela +Ine +Com
(Clitic:) e.g. +Foc/ (see list)

Used attributively the adjective has a quite simple tag scheme:

Part of speech: +A
Attribute +Attr
(Clitic:) e.g. +Foc (see list)

The verbs

Finite and infinite verb forms have quite distinct paradigms. Finite first:

Part of speech: +V
(Derivation) +Der/Pass
Mood: +Ind, +Pot, +Cond, +Imprt
Tense +Prs, +Prt
Person/Number +Sg1 +Sg2 +Sg3 +Du1 +Du2 +Du3 +Pl1 +Pl2 +Pl3, +ConNeg
Clitic: e.g. +Foc (see list)

Infinite verb forms:

Part of speech: +V
(Derivation:) +Der/Pass
Nominal verb form +Inf, +Actio, +Ger, +PrsPrc, +PrfPrc, +VGen, +VAbess
(Clitic:) e.g. +Foc (see list)

Other derived verb forms:

Part of speech: +V
Part of speech: +N
Derivation +Actor
Number +Sg, +Pl
Case: +Ess +Nom +Gen +Acc +Ill +Ela +Ine +Com
(Possessive suffix:) +PxSg1 +PxSg2 +PxSg3 +PxDu1 +PxDu2 +PxDu3 +PxPl1 +PxPl2 +PxPl3

Here is an example: "åhpadiddje" > åhpadit+V+TV+Der3+Actor+N+Pl+Nom

These tags are still not documented: +Actio +Neg +ImprtII

The pronouns

The personal, demonstrative and interrogative pronouns:

baseform+Pron+Pers+NumberPerson+Case

Example:

underlying form: mon+Pron+Pers+Sg1+Com, surface form: mujna
underlying form: dat+Pron+Dem+Pl+Nom, surface form: da

The reflexive pronouns:

baseform+Pron+pronoun_type+Case(+possessive suffix)

Example: underlying form: iesj+Pron+Refl+Ine+PxDu1, surface form: ietjanimme

The indeclinable words

These have their POS tag as their only tag:

underlying form: birra+Pr or birra+Po
surface form:    birra

Alphabetic list over the tags

Part of speech

+A
Adjective
+Adv
Adverb
+CC
Conjunction
+CS
Subjunction
+Interj
Interjection
+N
Noun
+Num
Numeral
+Pcle
Particle
+Po
Postposition
+Pr
Preposition
+Pron
Pronoun
+V
Verb

Sub-part of speech

+Dem
Demonstrative
+Coll
Collective
+Indef
Indefinite
+Interr
Interrogative
+Pers
Person
+Prop
Propernoun
+Recipr
Reciprocal
+Refl
Reflexive
+Rel
Relative

Grammatical properties

+ABBR
Abbreviation
+ACR
Accronym
+Abe
Abessive
+Acc
Accusative
+Actio
Actio form of the verb
+Actor
Actor noun
+Attr
Attributive
+CLB
Clause boundary
+Card
Cardinal
+Cmpnd
Compound (inconsistent with other notation for this tag)
+Cmpnd+
Compound (left tag)(inconsistent with other notation for this tag)
+Coll
Collective number
+Com
Comitative
+Comp
Comperative
+ConNeg
Negationform of the verb
+Cond
Conditional
+Du
Dual
+Du1
Dual 1. person
+Du2
Dual 2. person
+Du3
Dual 3. person
+Ela
Elative
+Ess
Essive
+Foc/ga
Focusclitic
+Foc/ge
Focusclitic
+Foc/gen
Focusclitic
+Gen
Genitive
+Ger
Gerund
+GerII
Gerund II
+IV
Intransitive verb
+Ill
Illative
+Imprt
Imperative
+ImprtII
Imperative II
+Ind
Indicative
+Ine
Inessive
+Inf
Infinitive
+LEFT
Left parenthesis
+Neg
Negationverb
+Nom
Nominative
+Ord
Ordinal
+PUNCT
Punctuation other than clause boundaries"/", "(", ")", "+"
+Pl
Plural
+Pl1
Plural 1. person
+Pl2
Plural 2. person
+Pl3
Plural 3. person
+Cmp/PlGen
Plural genitive compound
+Pot
Potential
+PrfPrc
Perfect participle
+Prs
Present tense
+PrsPrc
Present participle
+Prt
Preteritum
+PxDu1
Possessivesuffix dual 1. person
+PxDu2
Possessivesuffix dual 2. person
+PxDu3
Possessivesuffix dual 3. person
+PxPl1
Possessivesuffix plural 1. person
+PxPl2
Possessivesuffix plural 1. person
+PxPl3
Possessivesuffix plural 1. person
+PxSg1
Possessivesuffix singular 1. person
+PxSg2
Possessivesuffix singular 2. person
+PxSg3
Possessivesuffix singular 3. person
+Qst
Question clitic (-)go
+Qst+Foc/son
Question clitic
+RIGHT
Right parenthesis
+Sg
Singular
+Sg1
Singular 1. person
+Sg2
Singular 2. person
+Sg3
Singular 3. person
+Cmp/Sg
Singular compound
+Cmp/SgGen
Singular genitive compound
+Cmp/SgNom
Singular nominative compound
+Sup
Supinum
+Superl
Superlative
+TV
Transitive verb
+VAbess
Verb abessive
+VGen
Verb genitive

Derivational suffix tags

+Der/adda
+Der/agák
+Der/ahkes
+Der/ahtes
+Der/ahtte
+Der/alla
+Der/asste
+Der/belak
+Der/bieljak
+Der/báguk
+Der/bájnuk
+Der/bának
+Der/d
+Der/dahka
+Der/dahtte
+Der/dalla
+Der/dasste
+Der/dibme
+Der/duhtte
+Der/duvva
+Der/dábak
+Der/dáfuk
+Der/dávdak
+Der/dávtak
+Der/Dimin
Diminutive
+Der/ferjak
+Der/garák
+Der/gattsak
+Der/gerdak
+Der/giedak
+Der/gielak
+Der/giesjkak
+Der/gietjak
+Der/girjak
+Der/guovluk
+Der/h
+Der/habsak
+Der/hekkak
+Der/hábjak
+Der/hájak
+Der/hámak
+Der/hápsak
+Der/ibme
+Der/ivnak
+Der/jagák
+Der/jahkásasj
+Der/jergak
+Der/jienak
+Der/jiermak
+Der/juolgak
+Der/l
+Der/ladda
+Der/lahkak
+Der/lahtte
+Der/lanják
+Der/lasj
+Der/lasste
+Der/lijkak
+Der/linnjak
+Der/lis
+Der/luonduk
+Der/luottak
+Der/lágán
+Der/lágásj
+Der/m
+Der/merkak
+Der/mielak
+Der/muoduk
+Der/mus
+Der/n
+Der/namák
+Der/nierak
+Der/njunjak
+Der/njálmak
+Der/nálak
+Der/Pass
Passive
+Der/r
+Der/rabdak
+Der/rattak
+Der/rávak
+Der/segak
+Der/siejbak
+Der/siejnak
+Der/sijduk
+Der/st
+Der/stahtte
+Der/stalla
+Der/stasste
+Der/stával
+Der/suorak
+Der/suorgak
+Der/suttak
+Der/sáv'vak
+Der/tjalmak
+Der/tjiegak
+Der/tjuolmak
+Der/tjuvdak
+Der/tjålak
+Der/tjårvak
+Der/u/a/år
+Der/us
+Der/uvsak
+Der/uvsuk
+Der/varák
+Der/vigák
+Der/vuobdak
+Der/vuoduk
+Der/vuohta
+Der/vájmuk
+Der/ájvuk
+Der/såjak
+Der/åjvak
+Der/åsak

Semantic tags

These are tags used for classifying names, e.g. +Prop+Sem/Fem

+Sem/Ani
Animal name
+Sem/Fem
Female
+Sem/Mal
Male
+Sem/Obj
Object
+Sem/Org
Organisation name
+Sem/Plc
Place name
+Sem/Sur
Surname
+WEB
Web addresse

Last modified: $Date: 2015-10-01 15:48:36 +0200 (tor, 01 okt 2015) $, by $Author: sjur $